Written by Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD
The postpartum period is the duration from childbirth to 6 weeks after the birth. This is the time when the reproductive tract, as well as the supporting tissues, resume the pre-pregnant state ( 'involute' ). All the organs may not regain the pre-pregnant state, but most do.
Most women have an uneventful postpartum. Tiredness, hot flashes and sweating, and constipation are normal. Discomfort in the perineum is expected, especially in women who have had an episiotomy which may cause difficulty with sitting or walking.
A woman may also have a reduced interest in sex for up to 6 months after childbirth. All these symptoms are normal, a temporary reaction to childbirth.
But there are certain complications which may occur during pregnancy which may be quite serious.
This is commonly seen in cases of prolonged labour, after repeated vaginal examinations in unsterile conditions, intrauterine manipulations as in manual removal of placenta after retained placenta, rupture of membranes not adequately covered by antibiotics, and sometimes in cesarian sections. Read More ...
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There are two clinical types of postpartum hemorrhage:
Breast engorgement usually occurs on the 3rd or 4th day of the postpartum period when the milk production in the breasts rises. At this time, there is a 'let down' reflex in the pituitary glands in response to the suckling of the breast by the baby. This causes a sudden increase n the production of milk. The blood flow through the breasts also rise leading to engorgement. Read More ...
Breast abscess is caused by infection of the engorged glandular system of the breasts.
Infection is usually caused by a bacteria called staphylococcus aureus. It enters the breast from an infected cracked nipple, either from the nasopharynx of an infected baby or more commonly, from the infected hands of nurses, midwives, doctors or the mother herself. Read More ...
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