Vaginal Discharge with Itching
Women with vaginal discharge without itching can bear it for many years without complaining.
But vaginal discharge with itching tends to be much more uncomfortable.
Vaginal itching may be so severe that it may be difficult to control. And when it occurs in public, it can lead a woman almost to tears.
It is not uncommon to find a woman heading for the nearest washroom just to scratch herself in private.
Causes of Vaginal Discharge with Itching
There are three main causes of vaginal discharge with itching:
- vagina of the female. The male partner is usually symptom free.
The main characteristic and the chief complaint of the patient is severe itching. The itching may be all over the vulva but is more in and around the vagina. The labia minora and the vagina may become swollen and painful from the inflammation and constant scratching, so much so, that sexual intercourse may become difficult and painful. Sometimes, even walking and sitting may cause discomfort and pain. Read More ...
Small amount of candida are present on the skin all over the body, including the vulval areas and inner thighs. They usually do not cause any infection. But sometimes, if the body's immune system is low due to any cause (stress, illness etc), or if the vaginal ph changes, the conditions become adequate for the yeast to grow and multply rapidly. This can cause yeast infection in the vagina and vulva.
The symptoms are itching or irritation inside the vagina and around the vaginal opening, presence of a thick cheesy vaginal discharge, red and inflamed vagina and pain during passage of urine or during sex. Read More ...
It grows well in the warm and moist reproductive tracts of both males and females. In females, the commonest sites of infection are the cervix, the urethra, the uterus and the fallopian tubes. It can also grow in other warm and moist areas of the body like the mouth and the anus.
The chief symptoms are a thick whitish or yellowish creamy vaginal discharge, increased frequency of passing urine, pain around the vagina and urethral area and in some women, itching. Read More ...
The low estrogen level decreases the immunity of the vaginal walls and leaves the mucosa unable to resist infections by pathogenic organisms. This condition can occur not just after menopause, but also in the premenopausal period when the estrogen levels begin to decrease.
The main symptoms are severe itching , which may be due to a minor yeast infeciotn or due to dryness of the vaginal mucosa and a thin vaginal discharge which may occasionally be blood stained. Sex becomes difficult due to both the vaginal dryness as well as the associated inflammation. Read More ...
Other less common causes are:
Secondary infectionSecondary infection of wounds, abrasions, burns and tumours in any part of the lower genital tract can cause inflammaiton of the area. This in turn can lead to itching around the vagina. Spread of infection to the vagina can trigger off secondary yeast infection.
Vaginal discharge and itching may be due to either the infection and inflammation of the wounds or due to secondary yeast infection.
Generalised itchingCertain conditions cause generalised all over the body. They can affect the vulval and vaginal area too. Conditions like atopic dermatitis, scabies, psoriasis, allergic reactions, liver diseases etc. can cause itching all over the body and in the vulval area. The vaginal discharge may be due to secondary bacterial infection or may be to a normal physiological discharge.