Written by : Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD
Trichomonas Vaginitis also known as the
'Trich', is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a parasite, the Trichomonas Vaginalis.
The infection affects the urogenital tract and can be found in the prostate, prepuce of the penis and urethra of the male and in the vagina of the female. It can also be found in the folds around the clitoris.
Typically, only the female partner suffers from the symptoms of trichomoniasis. The male partner is usually symptom free.
The organism passes from the penis to the vagina and vice versa in heterosexual sex. It can also pass from vulva to vulva to cause symptoms. But it rarely spreads in anal sex.
Women can acquire the disease from infected men or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women.
The organism needs direct touch to spread. It cannot spread through water or urine. It dies in normal water after 45-60 minutes, in hot water after 30 minutes to 3 hours and in diluted urine after 5-6 hours.
Symptoms occur after 5-28 days of exposure to the infection.
The labia minora and the vagina may become swollen and painful from the inflammation and constant scratching, so much so, that sexual intercourse may become difficult and painful. Sometimes, even walking and sitting may cause discomfort and pain.
On Examination: On examination, the vagina may be seen to be fiery red in colour and congested. There may be excoriation of the skin and scratch marks all over the vulva due to the constant itching.
Do you have an Obgyn question? Something you are concerned about?
Consult Dr. Mazumdar - Ask a question and get a reply within 24 hours.
Consultation fees - $20 only through Paypal.
The sexual partner has to be treated at the same time to prevent reinfection.
The only way Trichomoniasis can be prevented is by wearing condoms during sexual intercourse. Like all other STDs, birth control methods like pills or intrauterine devices cannot stop spread of Trichomoniasis.
The inflammation in the vagina increases a woman's risk of getting other STDs like HIV. If trichomoniasis occurs in a pregnant woman, it can cause premature rupture of the membranes and preterm delivery.
Do you have a gynecological or obstetrical problem? Would you like to discuss it in private? Consult our online gynecologist Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD (O&G), at any time you want and get your reply within 24 hours.We charge a nominal fee of USD 20 ($20) per question through Paypal.com.
The procedure of asking a question is quite simple. Clicking on the link below takes you to the Paypal website where the payment is made. After the payment goes through, you will be directed back to this website where you can ask your question. And rest assured, you will get your answer within 24 hours. And usually, even sooner.